Clinical Mental Health Counseling Degree Programs in United States

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An image of a woman for a blog post Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs in USA

Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs in the United States are designed to prepare students for careers in counseling people struggling with mental health issues.

So, these programs typically combine academic coursework, practical training, and supervised clinical experience to provide a comprehensive education in the field of mental health counseling.

A clinical mental health degree equips individuals with the knowledge and skills. Because, these are necessary to provide counseling and therapeutic services to individuals, couples, families, and groups dealing with various mental health issues.

Overall, the field of clinical mental health offers a range of career opportunities for individuals with a passion for helping others improve their mental well-being.

The growing recognition of mental health issues and the increasing demand for mental health services create a favorable job market for those with a clinical mental health degree.

Levels for Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs

Mental Health Counseling programs are typically offered at the master’s level, leading to a Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MS) degree.

Also, some universities offer doctoral programs in counseling or related fields for those who wish to pursue advanced research or teaching positions.


It is important to choose a program that is accredited by a recognized accrediting body, such as the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP).

Furthermore, accreditation ensures that the program meets rigorous standards of quality and that graduates are eligible for licensure as professional counselors.


The curriculum of Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs varies by institution. However, common core coursework typically covers topics for example, counseling theories, human development, psychopathology, assessment and diagnosis, counseling techniques, group counseling, multicultural counseling, ethics, and research methods.

In addition, students may also have the opportunity to specialize in areas such as trauma counseling, substance abuse counseling, or child and adolescent counseling.

Clinical Experience

In fact, Mental Health degrees require students to complete a certain number of supervised clinical hours. So, which can range from 600 to 1,000 hours or more, depending on the program and state requirements.

Clinical experience may be obtained through on-campus counseling clinics, community mental health centers, hospitals, or other approved counseling settings.


To practice as a professional counselor in the United States, graduates of Clinical Mental Health Counseling typically need to obtain state licensure.

Although, licensure requirements vary by state but generally include completing a master’s degree from a CACREP-accredited program, accumulating supervised clinical experience, and passing a licensure examination.

Professional Associations

Most importantly, students in Mental Health programs are encouraged to join professional associations. For example, the American Counseling Association (ACA) or the American Mental Health Counselors Association (AMHCA).

These associations provide valuable resources, networking opportunities, and continuing education for counselors.

Career Opportunities

The career scope for individuals with a clinical mental health degree in the United States is vast and expanding. As the importance of mental health awareness and treatment continues to gain recognition, there is a growing demand for qualified professionals in the field.

Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC)

Many clinical mental health graduates become licensed professional counselors (LPC), providing counseling services in private practice, community mental health centers, schools, or hospitals.

So, they work with clients dealing with issues such as depression, anxiety, addiction, trauma, and relationship difficulties.

Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT)

Certainly, with specialized training in family systems and dynamics, clinical mental health professionals can work as marriage and family therapists.

They help individuals and families navigate relationship issues, communication problems, and other challenges affecting family dynamics.

Substance Abuse Counselor

As substance abuse continues to be a significant concern in society, clinical mental health professionals can specialize in addiction counseling.

They work with individuals struggling with substance abuse disorders and provide support, guidance, and treatment options.

Clinical Supervisor

Experienced clinical mental health professionals often take on roles as clinical supervisors. They provide supervision and guidance to less-experienced counselors, ensuring ethical practice, professional development, and adherence to industry standards.

Crisis Intervention Specialist

Most importantly, mental health professionals can work in crisis intervention settings, such as hotlines, crisis centers, or emergency rooms.

They provide immediate support and assistance to individuals experiencing acute mental health crises or emotional distress.

College or University Counselor

Higher education institutions often employ clinical mental health professionals to provide counseling services to students.

They offer support for academic, personal, and emotional challenges that students may face during their college years.

Rehabilitation Counselor

Clinical mental health (CMH) professionals can work as rehabilitation counselors, assisting individuals with disabilities or chronic illnesses in achieving personal and vocational goals.

Also, they help clients develop strategies for coping with their conditions and facilitate their integration into the workforce.

Research and Academia

Some CMH professionals pursue careers in research or academia. They may work in universities, research institutions. And with government agencies, conducting research on mental health topics, teaching and mentoring students, and contributing to the field’s knowledge base.

NGOs (Nonprofit Organizations)

Numerous nonprofit organizations focus on mental health advocacy, support, and education. Therefore, clinical mental health professionals can work in these organizations, helping raise awareness, providing counseling services, or managing mental health programs.

Private Practice

Many CMH professionals choose to establish their private practices. This option allows them to have more autonomy and control over their schedule, client base, and therapeutic approaches.

Top 20 Schools for Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs in United States

  1. Harvard University (Cambridge, MA)
  2. Stanford University (Stanford, CA)
  3. University of California, Berkeley (Berkeley, CA)
  4. Michigan Universit, Ann Arbor (Ann Arbor, MI)
  5. University of California, Los Angeles (Los Angeles, CA)
  6. Columbia University (New York, NY)
  7. University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA)
  8. Wisconsin-Madison University (Madison, WI)
  9. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC)
  10. Washington University, (Seattle, WA)
  11. University of Texas at Austin (Austin, TX)
  12. Virginia University, (Charlottesville, VA)
  13. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Champaign, IL)
  14. University of Minnesota Twin Cities (Minneapolis, MN)
  15. Pittsburgh University, (Pittsburgh, PA)
  16. University of Oregon (Eugene, OR)
  17. Boston College (Chestnut Hill, MA)
  18. New York University (New York, NY)
  19. Northwestern University (Evanston, IL), and
  20. University of California, San Diego (San Diego, CA)

These schools are known for their strong counseling programs and may offer various specializations within clinical mental health counseling.

Duration of clinical mental health degree programs in the United States

In the United States, the duration of clinical mental health degree programs can vary depending on the level of the degree and the specific program.

Bachelor’s Degree

A Bachelor’s degree in mental health-related fields, such as psychology or social work, typically takes four years to complete.

However, it’s important to note that a bachelor’s degree alone may not qualify individuals to work as licensed clinical mental health professionals.

Master’s Degree

A Master’s degree in clinical mental health counseling, clinical psychology, or a related field usually takes about two to three years to complete.

So, these programs typically include coursework, supervised clinical experience, and may require a thesis or a capstone project.

Doctoral Degree (Ph.D. or Psy.D.)

Doctoral programs in clinical psychology generally take around five to seven years to complete, including both coursework and clinical training.

Hence, the Ph.D. programs typically focus on research and may require a dissertation, while Psy.D. programs often emphasize clinical practice and require a doctoral project or internship.

It’s worth noting that the durations mentioned above are general estimates and can vary depending on the specific university or program requirements.

Additionally, the duration may also depend on whether students attend full-time or part-time and if they have any previous coursework or relevant experience that could be credited towards their degree.

Tuition fee and Cost

The fees and costs associated with clinical mental health degree programs in the United States can vary.

In fact, it significantly depending on various factors such as the type of institution, location, program duration, and whether the program is public or private.

Therefore, it’s important to note that the information provided here is based on general trends and may not reflect the current fees for specific institutions or programs.

It’s always recommended to consult official sources and directly contact the institutions you are interested in for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

Tuition Fees

The tuition fees for clinical mental health degree programs can vary widely. Public universities and colleges often have lower tuition rates for in-state residents compared to out-of-state students.

On average, tuition fees for a master’s degree program in clinical mental health counseling in the United States can range from around $10,000 to $50,000 per year.

In contrast, private institutions in the U.S generally have higher tuition fees, which can go beyond $50,000 per year.

Additional Cost

In addition to tuition fees, students pursuing a mental health degree may also need to consider additional costs. For example, application fees, technology fees, lab fees, and student service fees.

These fees can vary among institutions and are typically charged per semester or academic year. Also, they can range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars.

Books and Supplies

Students should budget for the cost of textbooks, course materials, and supplies related to their clinical mental health degree program.

The expenses for books and supplies can vary depending on the courses taken and the specific program requirements. On average, students can expect to spend several hundred dollars per semester on books and supplies.

Living Expenses

The cost of living can significantly impact the overall expenses of pursuing a clinical mental health degree. This includes housing, utilities, transportation, groceries, and other personal expenses.

The cost of living can vary greatly depending on the location of the institution, with major cities generally having higher living costs.

Financial Aid and Scholarships

Many students pursuing degrees in the United States rely on financial aid and scholarships to help offset the costs.

Moreover, financial aid options may include grants, scholarships, work-study programs, and loans. Students are encouraged to explore both institutional and external scholarships and grants specific to their field of study.

Additionally, some universities offer graduate assistantships or teaching/research assistant positions that provide financial support along with valuable professional experience.

Also Read: Majors for Clinical Mental Health Counseling

Accreditation and Licensing Cost

It’s important to consider the costs associated with accreditation and licensing requirements for clinical mental health professionals.

After completing a degree program, students typically need to fulfil certain requirements, such as supervised clinical hours and passing licensing exams, which may have associated fees.

Additionally, joining professional organizations or obtaining liability insurance as a mental health professional may incur further costs.


In conclusion, I can say that the Clinical Mental Health Counseling degree programs in the United States provide a comprehensive and specialized education.

 The graduates of these programs are prepared to provide counseling services, conduct assessments, and implement appropriate interventions for a wide range of mental health issues.

Furthermore, the rigorous curriculum, supervised internships, and licensure requirements ensure that graduates are well-prepared to enter the field and make a positive impact on the lives of their clients.

As a result, pursuing a Mental Health Counseling degree in the United States opens up rewarding career opportunities in various settings, including private practice, community mental health agencies, hospitals, schools, and universities.


Which schools are offering master’s in clinical mental health counseling online?

There are several reputed schools that offer online master’s programs in clinical mental health counseling, such as:
University of Massachusetts Boston
Capella University
Walden University
Southern New Hampshire University
University of Southern California (USC)
Liberty University

Are mental health counseling counselors in demand in USA?

Of course, mental health counseling is in high demand in the United States. The need for mental health services has been increasing over the years.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects a 25% growth in employment for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists between 2019 and 2029.
This growth rate is much faster than the average for all occupations, highlighting the high demand for these professionals.

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